Incontinence is a problem that can affect an adult at any age. Hence, employing the right preventive actions such as using adult diapers for men and women can prove as a saving grace in case of unsavory urinary incidents.
The mere mention of adult diapers conjures up images of bedridden elderly, whose frail bodies are incapable of ferrying them to the bathroom in time- hence the need for absorbent adult diapers which prevents them from soiling their clothes and bed. Although incontinence is a fairly common problem among the elderly, it is not limited by age alone. There are instances where people –both men and women as young as in their 30’s have had the need for incontinence products! Urinary incontinence can be a resultant of underlying illnesses, obesity, lack of exercise, prostate cancer, pregnancy, and the list goes on.
Urinary incontinence is essentially caused when the bladder muscles, which controls the flow of urine, involuntarily contracts or relaxes. Depending on the severity of the condition, this results from mild to severe uncontrollable urination. Incontinence in itself is not a disease; instead, it is usually a symptom of an underlying illness. In most cases, incontinence disappears once the underlying condition is treated for.
Common Causes of Urinary Incontinence
Urinary incontinence is generally caused due to weakening pelvic muscle floors or an over-reactive bladder. The lack of control over the bladder can sometimes be attributed to a urinary tract infection or a tumor. Even constipation can cause temporary incontinence. The rectum and the bladder share a few nerves that control both their functions. With the compacted stool in the rectum pressing against these nerves, it will cause the bladder to lose control over its normal functions.
An enlarged prostate due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a common cause of incontinence in men, especially older men. This is not a fatal condition, but it does require a series of medication and even a surgery in extreme cases to reduce the inflammation that will return your bladder functions to their original state. Chronic bladder inflammation and other bladder-related issues will also result in a weak bladder and necessitate the usage of an adult diaper.
Aging can also weaken the bladder muscles, and thus reduce its retention capacity. This is commonly seen in menopausal women who produce less estrogen – a hormone that is responsible for regulating the lining of the bladder and urethra – and can worsen urinary incontinence.
Common types of urinary incontinence
- Stress Incontinence: This is mostly due to weak pelvic floor muscles and can be triggered by the increase in pressure on your bladder from an external source. With such a condition, it is common for patients to let out a dribble when laughing, coughing, sneezing or when exercising. It is common in pregnant women and obese people where the added mass weakens the pelvic floor muscles.
- Urge Incontinence: Also known as overactive bladder (OAB), this condition is characterized by the sudden urge to release urine. In such a case there might not always be enough time to make it to the bathroom. This is usually caused due to damages to the muscles, or damage to parts of the nervous systems, primarily those that control the bladder. Urge incontinence commonly affects people suffering from multiple sclerosis, diabetes, stroke, Parkinson’s disease and other such medical conditions.
- Overflow Incontinence: This is when your bladder loses the urge to empty itself; hence the urine in your bladder overflows and dribbles out continuously once it is filled to the maximum level. It is usually caused by a weak bladder, constipation or sometimes it can be due to a tumor in your urinary tract as well. It is important to get this kind of incontinence treated immediately as a constant buildup of urine in your system can lead to infections and to other complications.
- Functional Incontinence: This type of incontinence is categorized by the patient’s inability to recognize the urge to urinate or the inability to locate the restroom in time. This is seen in people suffering from dementia, poor eyesight, limited mobility, inhibited motor skills etc. In such cases, these patients are usually under the watchful eyes of a professional caregiver, who makes sure that they comfortably urinate without soiling themselves. Reusable adult diapers are popularly used in such cases since the patient is unlikely to recover in a short period. Thus it is both economical and environmentally friendly too.
- Mixed Urinary Incontinence: It usually means that the patient is suffering from both stress and urge continence; a situation that’s usually prevalent in pregnant women. Coughing, sneezing and other impulse factors can trigger the urine flow even if the bladder is only partially filled. This type of incontinence is caused involuntarily. Under the circumstances, using an adult diaper is recommended to prevent any unwanted accidents.
Overcoming Urinary Incontinence
Lifestyle changes are unavoidable for people suffering from incontinence. So, apart from taking the right medications and proper precautionary measures, you may also like to add a few good habits to lead a relatively normal life. One such addition is practicing pelvic floor exercises such as Kegel exercises, which will help strengthen your pelvic floor muscles. This is commonly used to treat patients with stress incontinence. Depending on the severity of your condition, the doctor may also prescribe certain surgeries to correct any physical deformities such ad tumors or prostate problems to free you from incontinence.
Most people with mild incontinence chart out a plan of action beforehand, i.e., they make a note of the number of times they urinate in a day and plan their day around these instances. This practice is recommended even if you regularly use adult diapers to help avoid unwanted accidents.
The catheter is used in extreme cases, i.e. blockage, or when the flow is uncontrollable to a large extent. Here, a thin plastic tube is inserted into the urethra to directly drain out the urine from the source. However, this is one of the last methods to remove pent up urine within the bladder and prevent any infections.
Different types of urinary incontinence result in different volumes of discharge. Therefore, it is important to choose the right kind of adult diapers that can successfully handle uncontrollable urination without leakage. Smaller absorbent devices such as pads and plugs can be used in milder case of incontinence, as these are easily concealable and will give you a fitting form.
Are you ready to combat the woes of incontinence with the help of these adult diapers? If yes, you may like to purchase them from specialty stores for seniors and those grappling with the telltale woes of incontinence. With the right amount of care, you will be in the right position to move ahead with a smile – like many others!